This Masterclass will explore how to undertake ground-breaking research on the complex relationship between culture and law. The rule of law requires that like cases be treated alike. But what does this mean when it comes to cultural differences? How should cultural context be accounted for in law-making and judicial decision-making? When law refuses to consider cultural claims, is it repressive because it forces assimilation? The central normative question is whether the law ought to follow a policy of assimilation or one of accommodation. Since there are many pluralistic societies in the world, a pressing question is how dominant legal systems relate to the customary law of minority groups and indigenous peoples.